CategoryResearch

When astronaut John Phillips looked down at the Earth from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) in 2005, the image he saw of our home planet was blurry. Normally sharp-sighted, Phillips was taken aback and wondered if his vision was failing. “I thought it would be something that would just go away, and fix itself … Read More

Previously, many thought the idea of robots ever becoming anything other than animated movie characters like that of iRobot, Ex Machina, Her, and Robocop was mind-blowing and relatively far away. Today, the fields of biotechnology, robotics, and artificial intelligence are progressively sky-rocketing in their advances. The reason why there has been so much improvement in these … Read More

Imagine a world where one could take a pill based on his or her medical condition, without worrying about any adverse consequences that the pill might stimulate. For instance, if there were problems with the intestines or an infection within the body, the pill would be able to sense the correct ailment and release the appropriate medicine. … Read More

Biotechnology is a rapidly developing field with many exciting advances such as the da Vinco surgical system. One of the more unexpected applications of this interaction between technology and biology comes from the “RoboBee Project,” whose goal is to create autonomous robotic insects capable of independent sustained flight. Although laughable at first glance, the RoboBee has … Read More

Sickle cell disease refers to an inherited disorder that lead to the formation of abnormal red blood cells. The term “sickle” is used to describe the semicircular shape of these irregular red blood cells. The disease results from a point mutation, a single nucleotide substitution in our DNA, leading to changes in hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein … Read More

Autism affects 1 in 68 children in the United States. The disorder severely limits communication and interaction, with symptoms varying from mild to extremely debilitating. Currently, autism is incurable, but efforts are constantly being made towards discovering a cure. The means of doing so can vary, but one important factor often lies in being able to understand the … Read More

You’ve likely heard of tuberculosis or have at least been tested for it at some point in your life. It is an airborne disease caused by a bacterial infection in the lungs, specifically by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. There is extensive knowledge on what the disease can do and how it is caused, but it has remained a prevalent cause … Read More

Throughout history, human beings have always held a certain fascination towards nature and her wonders. Now, scientists have linked this fascination to improved public health. A team of scientists from the University of Queensland (UQ) and the ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions (CEED) recently held an Australia-based study to prove that people, in general, … Read More

Are you a morning person, or do you like to burn the midnight oil? Whether you are a night owl who prefers working late nights or an “early to bed, early to rise” type, you are influenced not by your habits, but also by your genes. In a novel study by genetics company 23andMe, scientists located 15 regions of the human genome linked … Read More

Sometimes, the unbelievable can happen. He said his mother died 15 years ago, but when he turned around, he swore he saw her for a split second. When he looked back, there was nothing there. This was the experience of Jordan Grafman, a cognitive neuroscientist and the director of brain injury research at the Rehabilitation … Read More

Have you ever wondered whether a bigger brain is a smarter brain? Scientists have pondered this question for ages: why do some species have larger brains compared to their body mass, while others have tiny brains and massive bodies? In the past, scientists believed that bigger brains relative to body size were more intelligent, but there … Read More

Folic acid intake is extremely important before and during pregnancy. Insufficiency of folic acid in the mother’s body can cause severe malformations in the baby, such as neural tube defects (NTDs). These NTD’s can include anencephaly, when a baby’s brain does not fully develop, and spina bifida, where the tube enclosing the spinal cord is open at … Read More

Alzheimer’s disease is a devastating neurological disorder that causes memory loss and destroys important cognitive functions. It’s highly prevalent among seniors, affecting one in every nine people over the age of 65, and is currently the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Although much of Alzheimer’s remains a mystery, we do know that … Read More

While much of genetic research focuses on differences in our DNA sequences, the field of epigenetics concentrates on the variability in how those sequences are expressed, or converted into proteins which regulate our biological characteristics. This variability is mostly due to environmental factors, but certain epigenetic changes can be inherited as well. Embed from Getty Images  Genetic material is converted into proteins … Read More

More than one-third of the US population is considered obese. A condition that is becoming more and more common among Americans, obesity has caused national concern due to its connection to serious illnesses such as diabetes, stroke, and cancer. Recently, researchers from the University of Kentucky have discovered a genetic marker that provides new insight on the disease. … Read More

The central dogma of molecular biology explains that genetic information is first converted from DNA to RNA, and this RNA is further used by the cell to make proteins. For a long time, molecular biologists believed that this flow of information from DNA to proteins was unidirectional, but the thought was later amended after the Reverse Transcriptase … Read More

One might not think human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and computer viruses have much in common, but researchers at the University College London have recently discovered a striking similarity between the two. The study showed that the two types of viruses have a similar way of spreading throughout their domains with HIV infecting the cells and computer viruses affecting … Read More

We all know the various detrimental health effects that obesity can cause to our bodies, but a new study published in the journal Neurobiology of Aging reveals a new potentially serious threat: obesity can cause our brains to age faster than normal. The cross-sectional study, which was conducted by the Cambridge Centre for Aging and Neuroscience, … Read More

Being stuck in traffic can be seen as a minor disturbance to most adults, but now according to researchers, it might just be physically harmful as well due to its correlation to polluted air exposure. The World Health Organization (WHO) places outdoor air pollution as one of the top ten most dangerous health risks for humans. Air, which gets … Read More

The brain is one of the most complex organs in the human body. It acts as the control center and manages the body’s physiological systems via complex networks and pathways. As commonly shown in research, and even in popular media, the brain’s functions tend to decline with age. But what is the reason behind this? How … Read More

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