CategoryResearch

Kidneys are important organs that filter blood and produce urine as waste. Like all complex processes in life, the function of the kidney can easily be disrupted by seemingly minor changes. One such change is the increase in the concentration of calcium and oxalate in the urine, a precursor that can be associated with dehydration … Read More

Obesity is one of the biggest global health issues of the modern age. Over-eating and lack of exercise are common causes, and people are always searching for new ways to control excess weight gain. There are numerous diets, exercise routines, medications, and other treatments meant to curb obesity. However, new research shows that we may have … Read More

When we get sick, we want our bodies to mount the best possible defense against invading pathogens. The immune system is responsible for fighting infections. Researchers at Boston’s Children’s Hospital have discovered that oxPAPC, a chemical that naturally occurs in damaged tissues, triggers a strengthened immune response that could have useful implications for developing more effective vaccines. … Read More

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a hereditary disease affecting the respiratory and digestive systems. CF affects the exocrine glands that primarily secrete substances such as mucus that protect us from pathogens. If individuals have CF, their lungs and pancreas produce abnormally thick mucus, which commonly leads to various types of infections and inflammation in body cavities. Presently, there is no cure … Read More

The term “epigenetics” was first coined in 1942 by embryologist Dr. Waddington. It refers to the study of external or environmental factors and their ability to alter gene expression without changing a person’s DNA sequence itself. However, only recently have scientists begun to make strides in understanding the true impact that epigenetics can have on our biology. Researchers at the … Read More

Amniotic fluid is what surrounds a baby in the womb. It plays an important role in keeping the baby alive and healthy by performing a number of functions. These include cushioning the baby, maintaining a steady temperature, and helping the baby’s lungs, digestive system, muscles, and bones develop. It also protects the umbilical cord from being squeezed. … Read More

If you have spent some time in scientific circles in the past year or so, it is more than likely that you have heard the term “CRISPR/Cas” being thrown around, and for good reason. CRISPR, or clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats, refers to parts of the bacterial DNA that paired with proteins called Cas, allows the bacteria … Read More

Is it possible to enter a dream state whenever we’d like? Neuroscientists at UC Berkeley can send a sleeping mouse into the land of dreams. Their study showed that an optogenetic switch (on/off switch for neurons) implanted into nerve cells of the brain’s medulla can activate or inactivate neurons. With neuronal activation, the sleeping mice entered REM sleep within seconds. REM sleep is a dream … Read More

Antiangiogenic drugs are used to battle some types of cancer. These drugs work by inhibiting angiogenesis, the development of blood vessels. Cancer cells can release signals that promote angiogenesis and cause nearby healthy cells to release those signals. The formation of new blood vessels is very important for tumor growth; cutting off this blood supply with antiangiogenics … Read More

“Watch what you eat.” How many times have you heard that before? It’s common knowledge that unhealthy eating habits can lead to health problems such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and heart disease. But is that it? Unfortunately, it appears that what we eat may also have an effect on our genes, or, more specifically, … Read More

Is height important? It can be when riding a roller coaster or trying out for the school’s volleyball team. Generally, however, height doesn’t have a significant impact on people’s daily lives. But a new study done by researchers at the University of Leicester may just change that perception. According to their findings, height is correlated with a decreased risk … Read More

Living in the material world, one cannot help indulging in a few material things.  Especially when shopping around for that perfect gift, it’s always hard to resist making a few more purchases since the temptation to buy is so strong. However, does shopping in this way bring only false pleasure, and should one curb the … Read More

On May 10th, a group of roughly 150 select scientists, lawyers and industry leaders met at the Harvard Medical School in Boston to discuss the synthesis of the first human synthetic genome. The press was not allowed at the meeting, and the attendees were given clear instructions to keep the nature of the event a … Read More

Personalized medicine is becoming increasingly relevant as technology and general scientific knowledge advances. It refers most simply to healthcare geared towards the individual. The idea of designing medical decisions that specifically address the unique conditions of each individual is arguably the most optimal method for effectively treating patients. Unfortunately, such an approach has yet to … Read More

According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, about 913,000 people in America were classified with cocaine dependence or as cocaine abusers in 2014. The Drug Abuse Warning Network found that in 2011, cocaine was involved in 505,224 of emergency department visits for drug misuse and abuse. Cocaine is a powerful drug that can have … Read More

We all know the saying that dogs are our best friends. However, a new study suggests that this bond may transcend mere friendship: studying dogs might help us cure glioblastoma, the most deadly variant of brain cancer. This study, conducted at the Swedish University of Agricultural Science and Uppsala University, suggests that analyzing the underlying … Read More

Ebola continues to be a subject of interest among medical professionals. With a fatality rate of around 50% and a terrifying manner of death–making its victims bleed out from every orifice after days, or even weeks, of suffering–the disease is one of the most talked about and deadliest in the world. In this study, 82 survivors of … Read More

As scientists develop new technologies, more and more potential cures for cancer are emerging. One prospective method of cancer detection and treatment comes from the field of combinatorial chemistry in a method called One-Bead-One-Compound, originally developed by Dr. Kit S. Lam in 1991. One-Bead-One-Compound, or OBOC for short, provides a method for efficient and high throughput … Read More

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which can lead to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), is one of a group of debilitating human diseases that directly attacks an individual’s immune system, rendering it useless in fighting off infections. Laboratory animals, such as mice, rats, and guinea pigs, have previously been used to test for HIV vaccines, but over time, scientists realized … Read More

Have you ever thought it would be cool to live in outer space on a planet other than Earth? Well, new research suggests that this fantasy is impossible for a large portion of the population. Scientists from the UK’s University of Manchester, Netherlands, and Germany have determined that the circadian rhythm of animals relies on the … Read More

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