The discovery of antibiotics has been revolutionary in terms of our ability to treat bacterial infections; however, not long after the initial discovery of antibiotics, some flaws became apparent. After a while, antibiotics were no longer working against infections that they were once successful in dealing with, a phenomenon known as antibiotic resistance. This can be explained, … Read More

A recent case of antibiotic-resistant bacteria had the news media printing apocalyptic headlines. But what makes this such a historic medical case, and how does it affect us? First, we must start with the facts. The case involved a 49-year-old female in Pennsylvania with a urinary tract infection of the Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria. The bacteria was found to … Read More

What’s Lyme disease, you say? If you’re like me, the first thought that probably comes to mind is a disease you contract from eating limes. If you believe that, your brain may truly be turning sour. But all jokes aside, Lyme disease can be serious if left untreated. Lyme disease is caused by a species of bacteria called Borrelia … Read More

Chloramphenicol is a broad spectrum antibiotic, a chemical agent that inhibits the growth and survival of a wide range of bacteria. Bacteria that are part of the Streptomyces species that produce chloramphenicol. Currently, antibiotics successfully treat many infections that were once deadly such as pneumonia and wound infections. According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), chloramphenicol … Read More

Bacteria live on nearly every imaginable surface on Earth. Most bacteria are harmless when they do not outcompete the natural microbiome of the body. However, when bacteria move into areas they are not supposed be in, they can become a problem. Urinary tract infections (UTI) are characterized by the presence of an excessive amount of … Read More

The medical field was forever changed in the 20th century upon the discovery and increased usage of antibiotics, chemical agents used to kill or prevent the growth of bacteria. Disease-causing bacteria that have developed a resistance to antibiotics are a cause for major concern nowadays, but non-resistant bacteria, with the ability to promote the persistence … Read More

Did you know that pneumonia kills more people than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined? Did you know that breastfeeding a child during their the six months can help prevent pneumonia? So, what exactly is pneumonia? It’s an infection that causes inflammation of the air sacs in one or both of the lungs. The air sacs may then fill up with fluid … Read More

Imagine this: hot, glistening maple syrup is slowly poured onto a clean sheet of fresh snow. As the syrup coagulates, you take a Popsicle stick and roll up the taffy-like substance. Pure sweetness and bliss. Embed from Getty Images Maple syrup in a jug. Researchers have discovered that maple syrup may play a role in … Read More

Honey is a bee-derived treat, made of important sugars like fructose and glucose. It also, however, contains an assortment of proteins, vitamins, and enzymes. In this article, we’ll discuss a few properties of honey. Wound Repair Since ancient times, honey has been used as a topical remedy for burns and wounds. Honey keeps the wound moist, and its … Read More

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is an autoimmune disease–the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues, resulting in pain and inflammation. The disease commonly occurs in children between the ages of six months and sixteen years. Early signs of the disease include pain, swelling, or stiffness in the joints and symptoms include fever, rashes, and eye inflammation. Embed … Read More

Antibiotics occupy our vernacular in modern medicine. That being said, they are by no means the cure-all that they are often advertised to be. In fact, while they can be extremely effective in certain cases, there is growing evidence of very negative effects when they are used inappropriately. Understanding and knowing when to use antibiotics is useful … Read More

With the snowballing of hysteria in 2014– as with the Ebola scare–it is sometimes easy to forget that there are teams of people working to prioritize and mitigate threats. Pegged as the “primary public health institution” in the United States, The Center for Disease Control (CDC) assesses threats, evaluates their potential effects, and then forms … Read More

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