The ability of stem cells to self-renew and differentiate into various cell types makes them useful tools in regenerative medicine. Stem cell therapy refers to the usage of stem cells in order to treat disease. One such therapy, known as bone marrow transplant, involves replacing unhealthy bone marrow with healthy bone marrow, consisting of stem cells that are capable … Read More

Sickle cell disease refers to an inherited disorder that lead to the formation of abnormal red blood cells. The term “sickle” is used to describe the semicircular shape of these irregular red blood cells. The disease results from a point mutation, a single nucleotide substitution in our DNA, leading to changes in hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein … Read More

If you have spent some time in scientific circles in the past year or so, it is more than likely that you have heard the term “CRISPR/Cas” being thrown around, and for good reason. CRISPR, or clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats, refers to parts of the bacterial DNA that paired with proteins called Cas, allows the bacteria … Read More

With the recent advancement of CRISPR-CAS9 technology made by UC Berkeley’s Jennifer Doudna, a professor of chemistry and molecular and cellular biology, scientists are now able to genetically engineer a large range of organisms with higher efficiency and relative ease. Prior to its advent, scientists were able to cut DNA at certain points, but inserting sequences of … Read More

Malaria is a parasitic disease transmitted to people through mosquito bites, most commonly through a mosquito called Anopheles stephensi. In many low-income countries, where people often lack access to insecticides to kill mosquitoes and drugs to treat the disease, malaria is a leading cause of death. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2015, about 438,000 people … Read More

The development of AIDS resulting from infection with the HIV-1 virus serves as a significant public health issue, killing 1.5 million worldwide yearly and infecting approximately 50,000 Americans per year. Approximately 35 million people worldwide are living with HIV/AIDS. This HIV virus is spread through different bodily fluids, usually ones that are traded during sex or while sharing needles. … Read More

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