HIV, a virus that attacks the immune system, was once a fearsome disease that could be interpreted as a death sentence. Because of the nature of the virus, when people are infected with HIV, they are infected for life. Despite the permanence of HIV, it has become increasingly treatable with medications. While NRTIs (nucleoside reverse … Read More

In recent years, the fight for transgender gender recognition and equality has been a core issue of the LGBT civil rights movement. This national discussion is important for the recognition of trans individuals and, ultimately, the removal of civil inequalities. Recent studies suggest that the marginalization of trans individuals leads to disproportionately high rates of certain diseases among the approximately 25 … Read More

The variety of ailments that can affect us today is a common medical concern, and consequently, so is the method of treatment for these illnesses. In the case of microbial infections, there can be further confusion about the type of medication prescribed for treatment – for example, when antibiotics should be used. An important criterion for distinguishing between medications for different … Read More

One might not think human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and computer viruses have much in common, but researchers at the University College London have recently discovered a striking similarity between the two. The study showed that the two types of viruses have a similar way of spreading throughout their domains with HIV infecting the cells and computer viruses affecting … Read More

Flu-like symptoms, slow deterioration of the immune system, fatal complications of a lung infection: this is the general progression of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Although there is currently no cure for the disease, affected individuals can successfully slow down the progression of the virus through a combination of three different medications from two classes of anti-viral drugs. There are many different … Read More

HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, making those infected more susceptible to infection by other diseases. Treatment for HIV often requires the use of multiple medications. Though these medications target many different parts of the virus, most HIV drugs rely on inhibiting enzymes to prevent viral replication. Two of the six types of HIV medications target the … Read More

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS, is a difficult disease to treat; researchers have spent over three decades trying to create a vaccine. Developing a vaccine for HIV is complicated because the unique marker on the surface of HIV, called “Env“, rapidly mutates and is covered by a protective layer of sugar molecules, making it … Read More

HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus that compromises the immune system, making those infected more susceptible to other diseases. HIV can only be contracted by coming into direct contact with bodily fluids (such as blood or semen), which may make it seem easily avoidable. However, because of the damage it can do if left untreated, … Read More

Researchers at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute have created a blood test that can pinpoint every single virus you’ve ever had. This new technology, dubbed VirScan, can detect over 1,000 strains of 206 viruses that are affecting or have affected you. The best part? The test only costs $25. This new method streamlines the original … Read More

In Part 1 of this article series, we discussed the relevance of HIV infection and the development of AIDS. We then gave a general overview of the CRISPR/Cas system in Part 2 of this series. Finally, this last post will synthesize the two to touch on how CRISPR/Cas can be applied to develop a treatment for HIV … Read More

Imagine if a dormant virus were secretly infecting the entire world. The virus doesn’t cause symptoms, but lies waiting in the body for the rest of the individual’s life. There is no cure. One day, every individual in the world might be infected. While it sounds like a badly written sci-fi plot, this situation is … Read More

In Part 1 of this article series, we discussed how HIV infection and AIDS have become a major public health issue due to the ability of viral DNA to become part of human DNA. When this DNA is replicated, the infection spreads to other cells. This ends up developing into AIDS and suppressing the immune … Read More

The development of AIDS resulting from infection with the HIV-1 virus serves as a significant public health issue, killing 1.5 million worldwide yearly and infecting approximately 50,000 Americans per year. Approximately 35 million people worldwide are living with HIV/AIDS. This HIV virus is spread through different bodily fluids, usually ones that are traded during sex or while sharing needles. … Read More

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