The variety of ailments that can affect us today is a common medical concern, and consequently, so is the method of treatment for these illnesses. In the case of microbial infections, there can be further confusion about the type of medication prescribed for treatment – for example, when antibiotics should be used. An important criterion for distinguishing between medications for different … Read More

A new nasal cell study by Dr. Sabra Klein and her team from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, discovered that various forms of estrogen reduced the flu virus in women, but not in men. Klein and her team tested the effects of estrogen on the influenza A virus, which commonly affects many during flu season. … Read More

One might not think human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and computer viruses have much in common, but researchers at the University College London have recently discovered a striking similarity between the two. The study showed that the two types of viruses have a similar way of spreading throughout their domains with HIV infecting the cells and computer viruses affecting … Read More

The common cold is nothing to sneeze at. It leads to 3,000 to 49,000 US deaths a year and may be responsible for five to 20% of American’s sicknesses each year. It also has a broad presence; every child gets infected before their second birthday. Easily spread through coughs and sneezes, the virus will then infect lungs and airways, leading to … Read More

Roughly a decade ago, an infectious disease known as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS coronavirus) triggered widespread panic after spreading to 37 countries in the Middle East and infecting thousands and killing hundreds. Infected individuals exhibited flu-like symptoms in their early stage of viral contraction, which quickly escalated into atypical pneumonia and shortness of breath. Those who were severely infected experienced respiratory failure and … Read More

It would be impossible to have made it through the last year without hearing about the dangers of Ebola. Luckily, a battle against one of the scariest diseases in the 21st century was won! An Ebola vaccine has recently been created that effectively prevents the Zaire strain (ZEBOV) of Ebola. There are currently five identified … Read More

Imagine if a dormant virus were secretly infecting the entire world. The virus doesn’t cause symptoms, but lies waiting in the body for the rest of the individual’s life. There is no cure. One day, every individual in the world might be infected. While it sounds like a badly written sci-fi plot, this situation is … Read More

We’ve all been there: sitting in the waiting room, heart pounding, waiting for your name to be called. From small children to mature adults, no one enjoys being vaccinated against the flu. More broadly referred to as aichmophobia, needle-phobia makes many of us dread those trips to the doctor’s office. However, since 2003 an alternative has been … Read More

Full disclosure, I have an identical twin brother. Identical twins have long occupied the popular imagination with their nearly indistinguishable genomes (verifiable via sequencing). Seeming to belong to the realm of Star Wars and science fiction, they are genetically clones. In the world of medicine, this represents an intriguing possibility: an identical twin is a living, walking … Read More

When bees threaten a family picnic or romantic walk in the park, it may be tempting to wish they would just disappear. However, while most of us rationally recognize the need for their pollination, their numbers are starting to dwindle. This leads many people to ask questions: why are the bees dying? How can we stop … Read More

A study by a research team including Adrian Egli from the University of Basel in Switzerland found that a variant in a gene called IL-28B may influence the effectiveness of the flu vaccine. Usually, the flu results in mild symptoms such as nausea, cough, fever, and stuffy nose. However, in some, the condition can lead to serious … Read More

Rabies is a viral disease transmitted via the bite of an animal through the virus-harboring saliva. However, there are some animals that are especially common hosts. These usually include wild mammals such as skunks, foxes and coyotes. Once the virus enters the body, it infects the central nervous system, damaging the brain and eventually causing death. Fortunately, … Read More

Back to top