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Sit up. Stand straight. Don’t slouch. These commands probably sound familiar to you, voiced many times over by a parent, guardian, or perhaps your very own mind. In that moment, you may have obliged only to sink back into your previous position soon after, if you didn’t shrug it off entirely to begin with. After … Read More

If you live near the coast, warm weather often means heading to the beach for a day of fun in the sun. Sandcastles, sunbathing, and for the intrepid, thrill-seeking adventurer: surfing! For the chronic beach-heads, however, surfer’s ear is a condition that merits as much attention as catching the next big wave. Surfer’s ear is … Read More

The paranasal sinuses are a series of hollow chambers that surround the nasal chamber. The sinuses and the nose share a similar lining called the mucosa. This mucosa covers the entire system and consists of structural cells, mucus-producing cells, and hair cells called cilia. The cilia beat back and forth to move the mucus from the … Read More

In a prime example of censorship, the video documentary “Under the Dome” by Chai Jing was taken off the Chinese internet after a hugely successful weekend of over 200 million views, or one-third of China’s total internet viewership. To properly gauge the monumental circulation achieved, compare it to “What Does the Fox Say?” which reached … Read More

Have you ever considered that Veritaserum, the powerful truth serum from Harry Potter, might exist? Chemists and pharmacologists actually had Professor Snape’s potion ingenuity and synthesized amobarbital: a widely used truth serum in psychological therapy. However, amobarbital is merely a member of the barbiturates, a group of drugs famous for their depressing effects on the central nervous … Read More

We all know the various detrimental health effects that obesity can cause to our bodies, but a new study published in the journal Neurobiology of Aging reveals a new potentially serious threat: obesity can cause our brains to age faster than normal. The cross-sectional study, which was conducted by the Cambridge Centre for Aging and Neuroscience, … Read More

Kidneys are important organs that filter blood and produce urine as waste. Like all complex processes in life, the function of the kidney can easily be disrupted by seemingly minor changes. One such change is the increase in the concentration of calcium and oxalate in the urine, a precursor that can be associated with dehydration … Read More

When we get sick, we want our bodies to mount the best possible defense against invading pathogens. The immune system is responsible for fighting infections. Researchers at Boston’s Children’s Hospital have discovered that oxPAPC, a chemical that naturally occurs in damaged tissues, triggers a strengthened immune response that could have useful implications for developing more effective vaccines. … Read More

While modern society has attributed many social implications to crying, from the perspective of science, it is as natural as any other human bodily function. Tears are most often associated with an emotional response, but consider this: the system that makes you cry while watching a sad movie is the same one that causes your … Read More

The term “epigenetics” was first coined in 1942 by embryologist Dr. Waddington. It refers to the study of external or environmental factors and their ability to alter gene expression without changing a person’s DNA sequence itself. However, only recently have scientists begun to make strides in understanding the true impact that epigenetics can have on our biology. Researchers at the … Read More

On May 10th, a group of roughly 150 select scientists, lawyers and industry leaders met at the Harvard Medical School in Boston to discuss the synthesis of the first human synthetic genome. The press was not allowed at the meeting, and the attendees were given clear instructions to keep the nature of the event a … Read More

Personalized medicine is becoming increasingly relevant as technology and general scientific knowledge advances. It refers most simply to healthcare geared towards the individual. The idea of designing medical decisions that specifically address the unique conditions of each individual is arguably the most optimal method for effectively treating patients. Unfortunately, such an approach has yet to … Read More

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which can lead to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), is one of a group of debilitating human diseases that directly attacks an individual’s immune system, rendering it useless in fighting off infections. Laboratory animals, such as mice, rats, and guinea pigs, have previously been used to test for HIV vaccines, but over time, scientists realized … Read More

There has been a much greater emphasis on genetics in today’s research to determine the causes of medical ailments. This focus has allowed gene and DNA sequencing to be more inexpensive and thorough and researchers to better understand heredity and genetics. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is “a chronic disease that attacks the central nervous system, i.e. the brain, spinal cord and … Read More

Leading an active lifestyle can greatly benefit one’s health. However, athletic activity and physical exercise can also lead to bodily consequences if one is not careful. One such repercussion is knee joint pain that occurs via excess stress, age, and previous injuries to the knee. A huge contributor to knee pain is a type of arthritis … Read More

Genetics plays a major role in human development and health. Our genes code for just about everything in our bodies; how things will be made, what they will be made with, where they will end up, etc. One of the most important areas in our bodies that our genes code for is the brain and the … Read More

Chemotherapy resistance serves as one of the largest issues plaguing the effectiveness of cancer therapy. Once cancer cells become resistant to a certain chemotherapy drug, that drug will no longer work in treating the cancer, thereby limiting available treatment options and decreasing the likelihood of survival. This is particularly concerning since the number of drugs … Read More

How is one individual who experiments with cocaine able to leave the drug alone when another individual who experiments with the same drug develops a drug habit? The answer to this question lies in specific genetic factors that vary from individual to individual, as published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by … Read More

The concept may sound crazy at first. Killing brain cancer cells with skin cells. How could that possibly work? Well, pharmacy researchers at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill have successfully been able to turn skin cells into, essentially, brain cancer cell predators–cells that search and destroy brain tumors. The concept of reprogramming skin cells is not … Read More

Burn-related complications result in approximately five thousand deaths each year in the United States. Sepsis from a burn wound infection, other infection complications, and inhalation injury are responsible for 75% of deaths in patients with burns covering more than 40% of their body. Due to both thermal injuries inducing immunosuppression and the loss of skin … Read More

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